The name critical care refers to a variety of areas in the hospital that provide specialized post surgical treatment to extremely ill patients. This includes: intensive care units, cardiac/coronary care units, burn care units, pulmonary care units, neonatal intensive care units, cerebral care units and others. Key requirements include rest for patients, constant patient monitoring and fast response in the case of an emergency.
The more specialized areas often have mechanical systems that support the treatment being offered, for example positive or negative air pressure zones in burn care rooms. Others have specialized monitoring and life support systems on the patient headwall and additional space around the bed for trauma teams to operate. The lighting design needs to be coordinated with the particular equipment and space requirements.NOTE: Several special publications are available that cover lighting design criteria for specific critical care units. Visit www.iesna.org
NOTE: Health Resource Administration standards require windows in critical care patient rooms to allow patient to be aware of the outdoor environment. (not as a lighting component)
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