Patient RoomsNowhere is the accommodation of multiple lighting needs more evident than in patient rooms. The environment needs to be welcoming and homelike for the patient and family, while providing the illuminance levels required by the medical, nursing and support staff to perform tasks efficiently. The lighting must be provided in a way that is not distracting to other patients sharing the same space. The patient room lighting systems must provide for:
Lighting for patient useThis includes patient controlled lighting for day and nighttime reading, self-care, mobility, TV watching, etc., While there have been many recent developments in “bed-head” lighting units for these task, most hospitals still rely on room lighting, wall mounted, bed mounted or portable luminaires. In general reading light should be at the normal reading position, about 45 inches above the floor. To allow freedom to turn in bed, the area of the reading plane should be 3 square feet for an adjustable luminaire and 6 square feet for a fixed luminaire. Illuminance level should not be less than 2/3 of the illuminance at the center.
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