Energy and Sustainability
The industrial market segment is large and diverse and includes a wide range of activities from extracting natural resources and converting them into raw materials, to manufacturing finished products. The industrial sector can be broadly defined as consisting of energy-intensive industries (e.g., iron and steel, chemicals, petroleum refining, cement, aluminum, pulp, and paper) and light industries (e.g., food processing, textiles, wood products, printing and publishing, metal processing). Nearly a third of the world’s energy consumption and 36% of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are attributable to manufacturing industries. The large primary materials industries – chemical, petrochemicals, iron and steel, cement, paper and pulp, and other minerals and metals – account for more than two-thirds of this amount.